[TRANSFER WATCH] Europe's summer transfer window closed Tuesday, and there was a flurry of action. Here's the top 10 wheeler dealers on deadline day ...
1. AC MILAN. Robinho joined his Brazilian buddy, Ronaldinho, at AC Milan, from Manchester City in a deal valued at a minimum of $29 million. Some of the money was recouped when Milan shipped Dutch international Klaas-Jan Huntelaar to German club Schalke 04 for $19 million and 28-year-old Italian striker Marco Borriello to Roma for an initial loan fee of $2.5 million. Georgian international defender Kakha Kaladze, a nine-year veteran at Milan, was transfered to Genoa.
2. SCHALKE 04. After losing its first two Bundesliga matches, German club Schalke 04 made a transfer deadline-day swoop for three players: Atletico Madrid midfielder Jose Manuel Jurado and Lille defender Nicolas Plestan and Huntelaar.
3. SUNDERLAND. The Black Cats spent $20 million on acquiring Ghana World Cup striker Asamoah Gyan from French club in the most expensive signing confirmed by an English club on the final day.
4. BIRMINGHAM. The Blues swooped to sign three players: Chile World Cup midfielder Jean Beausejour on a three-year deal from Mexico's Club America, Belarus midfielder Alexander Hleb on a one-year loan from Barcelona and veteran Czech defender Martin Jiranek from Spartak Moscow. Birmingham also dealt Blues striker Marcus Bent to Wolves on a four-month loan.
5. GALATASARAY. The Turkish club picked up Bosnia midfielder Zvjezdan Misimovic from Wolfsburg on a four-year contract and added Liverpool's Argentine defender Emiliano Insua on a season-long loan deal. Misimovic became expendable after Wolfsburg signed Brazilian playmaker Diego from Juventus last week.
6. STOKE. The English club was active, signing Icelandic international Eidur Gudjohnsen on loan from Monaco, Jermaine Pennant on loan from Spain's Real Zaragoza and Marc Wilson in a transaction with Portsmouth that saw Liam Lawrence and Dave Kitson move to Pompey. Senegalese midfielder Salif Diao, a free agent after the end of the season, re-joined the club on a two-year deal.
7. WERDER BREMEN. German club Werder Bremen signed veteran French defender Mikael Silvestre -- once rumored to be headed to the New York Red Bulls -- to help shore up its leaky defense, while it also signed Northern Ireland under-21 striker Liam Boyce from Cliftonville. Bremen sent Markus Rosenberg to Spain's Racing Santander.
8. LIVERPOOL. Liverpool picked up left back Paul Konchesky from Fulham in exchange for cash and two of the Reds' top prospects, Finn Lauri Dalla Valle and Swede Alex Kacaniklic. Liverpool also sent Insua to Galatasaray.
9. JUVENTUS. Arsenal's French defender, Armand Traore, joined Juve on a season-long loan deal, and Danish defender Frederik Sorensen Hillesborg was signed from Lyngby, while former Italy international Mauro Camoranesi went on loan to VfB Stuttgart in Germany.
10. HERCULES. Former French national team striker David Trezeguet left Juventus after 10 seasons and joined promoted Spanish club Hercules on a two-year deal. Real Madrid's Royston Drenthe joined Trezeguet at Hercules on loan.
10. WIGAN. The Latics picked up a pair of 21-year-old players: Argentinian striker Franco Di Santo, signed to a three-year deal just minutes before the window closed, and midfielder Tom Cleverley, picked up on loan from Manchester United. Cleverly scored for United in its 5-2 win over the MLS all-stars but was deemed to be in need of some EPL experience he won't get at United.
(Note: Tottenham's acquisition of Dutch international Rafael van der Vaart from Real Madrid for $12 million was confirmed on Wednesday.)