By Sam Snow
Proper player development leads to good match performance, which often leads to wins.
But there are shortcuts to winning, particularly with
players younger than high-school age. Just get the biggest, fastest kids around -- then outrun and outmuscle the opposition.
Play run-n-gun and high-pressure defense against young
players who are still learning the game and that amount of pressure can win games. Mind you, it doesn't help those kids learn how to play soccer in any sophisticated manner.
certainly the stance of US Youth Soccer to focus more on match performance than outcome; yet this is not to say that players should not strive to win. There's nothing wrong with winning!
But remember, the outcome of the game is not necessarily a measure of whether the coach is doing a good job developing players. Players and coaches should diligently work to improve their
performance. This is the drive for excellence as opposed to superficial success.
All right, fine you say. So how do we measure success?
How do parents know if the team
coach is doing a good job of teaching soccer to the players? How does the novice coach know if the kids are growing within the game?
These are the goals in measuring success for
youth soccer: SHORT TERM FUN ...
do the players smile and laugh? Do the players look forward to playing? The first question from the player's
family should be, "Did you have fun today?" Fair Play ...
does a player demonstrate by words and actions a sense of sportsmanship? Rules of the
do the players know and follow the rules of soccer? Health and Fitness ...
are the players physically fit enough to meet the fitness demands of the
game? Are they developing good nutrition and hydration habits befitting an athlete? Friendships ...
are the players creating new friends within the team and with
players from other teams? Skills ...
are the players demonstrating a growing number of ball skills and are they gradually becoming more proficient in those skills? LONG TERM Commitment ...
how do the players answer when asked at the end of a game, "Did you try your best?" Roles in the
more important than learning a position, are the players learning about positioning? Knowing where the center forward spot is on the field is important, yet learning how to move
tactically within the game is far more important. Do all of the players get exposed to playing all of the positions? Leadership ...
are players being given the
opportunity to take on leader roles and responsibilities? Are the coaches and team managers teaching leadership? Tactics ...
are the players experimenting with new
tactics in matches? The coaches must teach new tactics to the players in training sessions and then allow them to try out the tactics in a match, regardless of how that might affect the
outcome! Retention ...
do the players come back year after year? Retention is recognized as also a short-term measure of success in youth soccer and developing well
adjusted citizens is another long-term measure of success in youth sports.
We know that is takes many years to develop into a quality soccer player. Indeed, that continued
development can be seen even in young professional players.
Soccer is a long-term development/late specialization sport.
Research by Dr. Istvan Balyi and others
provides us this model: LATE SPECIALIZATION MODEL 1.
FUNdamental Stage - ages 6-9 2.
Learning to Train - ages 8-12
Training to Train - ages 11-16 4.
Training to Compete - ages 15-18 5.
Training to Win - ages 17 and older 6.
Retirement/Retainment - ages: post playing career
Striving to improve individual, group and team performance is more important at the youth level than the scoreline. Simultaneously,
players should play to win.
Coaches should teach and develop the players as they learn how to win. Parents should support the players and coaches. Intrinsic success is by its nature
more difficult to measure than extrinsic success.
A trophy is more tangible to an adult than the exhilaration a child feels while playing soccer. The final measure of success for
parents and coaches of the children's soccer experience will require a good deal of patience from the adults. That measurement is the free choice of the child to stay in the game!
The full document on this topic, titled Vision, is available from US Youth Soccer. Simply E-mail your request to Sam Snow at firstname.lastname@example.org
. (Sam Snow is US Youth Soccer's Director of Coaching
We constantly hear that the US is not developing any personality players. That is players with flair and highly developed technical skills. C. Ronaldo, Ronaldino, Marta and Rooney are a few of the talented players that show this kind of "flair". I agree with this observation and believe that the problem starts at the youth level, U12 and under. The overriding emphasis at this stage is to develop teams to compete in structured games. We set up leagues and tournaments that take precedence over anything else. From there we measure our success by wins and losses. If we want to change take skills development and move it to the top of your list.
Why can't we "get" this when the rest of the world does???
The new academy program is all about player development BUT they post all results, there is a reward for winning at the end of the season, Home Depot, and all the games going on to line up the best players vs the better teams. Not to mention the National team reportedly using a play twice in the same day on different teams. Not good form Jack. Win today damn tomorrow, the US model for soccer.
You may not know you have been a successful youth coach until your players as parents contact you and tell you they still are playing and are also passing a love of soccer onto their children.
Knowing you are successful is easy. Research shows, athletes respond to immediate objective feedback and are more likely to work on objective measurable goals than subjective goals. Set up skills challenges and watch how young players will challenge each other. Basic skills consist of: Receiving the ball, Redirecting the ball, Moving with the ball and Moving without the ball. From U12and under if you focus on the first 3 you will be amazed at the progress. No tactics, no set plays, no positions. Give them skills get out of the way and let them play small sided games. No refs, no coaching, no standings and no parents cheering,(coaching from the sidelines) its a beautiful game and kids know it.
To develop the individual skills, to learn to compete, you have to play. Another way to determine success is the coach giving all players reasonable playing time. Too often the starting 11 or 8 play the bulk of the time and the rest fill in. You have to play to develop.
Second, at the young age, certainly 11 or younger, there should be a real effort to have players play multiple positions. No need to specialize on a position until much later in age.
Finally is the on field behavior of the coach. Is he or she positive and instructive at all times. I have seen too many coaches exhibit side line behavior, both during the game and practice, that would land them in court in a normal workplace. Instructive communication is a skill that is essential to being a successful coach with skilled players and competitive teams.