Here are some possible benefits of backwards running:
• Help rehab injuries. Backwards running can be an effective strategy as part of recovery from lower extremity and spine injuries. Muscle firing patterns are very different in backwards vs. forwards running, creating more of a “soft landing hard takeoff” which can be useful to reduce joint loads. This study showed reduced knee cap compressive forces with backwards running, which can be helpful for athletes with knee cap tracking issues, patellar tendonitis, or Osgood-Schlatter syndrome.
• Improve muscular balance and efficient body fat reduction. Backwards running is an effective means to strengthening the opposing muscles groups used in forward running and helps to balance your quad-to-hamstring strength ratio. This study of college aged women showed greater fat loss in backwards vs forward running training programs.
• Improves coordination especially for defensive positioning. Many sports require defending an opponent while rapidly moving backwards. Training with backwards running can improve in-game performance.
• Adds variety to your training. Backwards running, cariocas, skips, bounds, and lateral shuffles will all add variety to your typical training which just feels good to do! And you only need a small amount to go a long way. Incorporating a few minutes of backwards running into your normal running routine can spice up your runs, add a little variety, and burn more calories too. It’s like learning to run like a kid again and the challenge keeps your mind fresh and motivated.
One word of caution that I hope is obvious: it’s hard to see where you’re going when running backwards so be careful where you do this!
It’s best to learn to run backward on a track, an open field, or a treadmill. You’ll be surprised at just how challenging it is, and starting slowly is key. You might start by adding two to four 30-second intervals of backward running at the end of your easy runs, or coaches can use backwards running as part of your pre-training warmup.
As you progress, you can lengthen the time of each interval, add more intervals, and even incorporate them into your runs just like a speed work.
• Backwards running can be used in training, with several benefits.
• Forces across the kneecap are reduced compared to forward running, this backwards running can be a useful tool for athletes with pain in the front of the knee.
• Backwards running can also improve in-game performance in many sports.
(Dr. Dev K. Mishra, a Clinical Assistant Professor of orthopedic surgery at Stanford University, is the creator of the SidelineSportsDoc.com online injury-management course, now a requirement for US Club Soccer coaches and staff members. Mishra writes about injury management at SidelineSportsDoc.com Blog, where this article has previously appeared.)