At this World Cup, Uruguay, which faces Portugal in the round of 16 on Saturday, finished first in Group A, with three wins, five goals scored, zero goals conceded.
"Other countries have their history. Uruguay has its soccer," said Ondino Viera, Uruguay’s coach at the 1966 World Cup.
Here are 10 things to know about that history:
1. Soccer’s first international
Jose Andrade starred on the Uruguay teams that won the 1924 and 1928 Olympic soccer tournaments, and the inaugural 1930 World Cup that Uruguay hosted. His day jobs included carnival musician and shoe-shiner. Uruguay’s venture to the 1924 Olympics in Paris marked the first time a Latin American team played in Europe. “The first international soccer icon was black, South American, and poor,” wrote Uruguayan author Eduardo Galeano in “Soccer in Sun and Shadow.”
2. The first World Cup
Uruguay, then with a population of just 2 million, was named host of the first World Cup because it won the previous two Olympic tournaments and it offered to pay travel costs of all entrants. It also used the tournament to celebrate its 100th anniversary of independence. Uruguay beat Argentina, 4-2, in the final.
3. The biggest
Instead of a knockout format, the 1950 World Cup consisted of round-robin group play that led to a final game in which Brazil needed just a tie against Uruguay to lift the title. Some 200,000 people attended, expecting to celebrate Brazil’s first World Cup title in Rio de Janeiro. After they sang the national anthem, the governor of Brazil said to the team, “Fifty million Brazilians await your victory.” Brazil scored two minutes after halftime, but gave up the equalizer from Juan Schiaffino 20 minutes later. With 11 minutes left, Alcides Ghiggia scored for a 2-1 Uruguay win. “Only three people have, with just one motion, silenced the Maracana: Frank Sinatra, Pope John Paul II and me,” said Ghiggia, who died on July 16, 2015, 65 years to the day after the game.
4. Kings of the Copa America
Uruguay’s South American rivals Brazil and Argentina have populations of 208 million and 44 million, respectively, but Uruguay has won a record 15 Copa Americas, followed by Argentina’s 14 and Brazil’s 8.
5. La Celeste’s more recent success
Uruguay missed the 2006 World Cup, but finished fourth at the 2010 World Cup and won the 2011 Copa America. It beat England and Italy to reach the round of 16 in 2014, losing to Colombia without suspended Luis Suarez.
6. Oscar Washington Tabarez
Uruguay’s coach is the oldest (71) and longest-serving returning coach with the same team at the 2018 World Cup, having been at the helm for the last dozen years, more than twice as long as 29 other bosses at this World Cup. El Maestro – he taught elementary school between his playing career and coaching -- also coached Uruguay to a second-round appearance at the 1990 World Cup and a runner-up finish to host Brazil at the 1989 Copa America.
7. An MLS connection
Seattle Sounders star Nicolas Lodeiro, a 2016 MLS Cup winner, was part of Uruguay’s 2000 and 2014 World Cup teams but was a final cut this time around.
8. U.S. national team connection
Hall of Famer Tab Ramos, who played in three World Cups for the USA and at the 1988 Olympics, was born in Montevideo and immigrated to the USA at age 11. Ramos is currently U.S. U-20 national team coach. Fernando Clavijo, was born in Maldonado in 1956 and came to the USA from Uruguay in 1979 to play for the New York Apollo of the American Soccer League. He played on the USA team that reached the second round of the 1994 World Cup. Clavijo is currently FC Dallas technical director.
9. The Uruguayan league
Of Uruguay’s 16 first division teams, 13 are based in Montevideo.
10. An export nation
Stars move abroad quickly. Only two members of La Celeste’s 23-player World Cup squad, Penarol's Guillermo Varela and Cristian Rodriguez, are Uruguay-based. The rest play in Argentina, Brazil, France Italy, Mexico, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Luis Suarez and Edinson Cavani moved to Europe at age 19 and 20, respectively. Suarez's two goals in Russia raise his World Cup total to seven, one behind all-time Uruguay leader Oscar Miguez (1950 and 1954).